After the Prophet’s SAW uncle, Abu Talib, had given the proposed marriage his blessing, Muhammad SAW and Khadijah were married. [22], Along with the narrators of the Forty-Year opinion, the scholars who preferred the Forty-Year opinion by either narrating only this or narrating this positively (bil-jazm) and the other(s) in a doubtful tone (sigha al-tamrid) include: Ibn Habib (d. 245/860)[23], al-Mutahhir al-Maqdisi (d. circa 355/966),[24] al-Mawardi (d. 450/1058),[25] Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr (d. 463/1071),[26] Ibn al-Jawzi (d. 597/1201),[27] Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari (d. 630/1233),[28] Ibn Sayyid al-Nas (d. 734/1334),[29] Ibn Jam’ah al-Kinani (d. 767/1366),[30] al-Maqrizi (d. 845/1441),[31] al-Malti (d. 920/1514),[32] and al-Zarqani (d. Often the seerat writers (Prophet Muhammad (saw) biographers) has written the age of Hazrat Khadija as 40 years at the time of marriage with Prophet Muhammad (saw) and her age as 65 years when she died. After giving Hisham bin ‘Urwa’s narration for the Forty-Year opinion, al-Hakim states: هذا قول شاذ، فإن الذي عندي أنها لم تبلغ ستين سنة, This is an anomalous [shadh] opinion. Historical sources mentioned her age when she married the Prophet (s) to be 25, 28, 30, 35, 44, 45 or even 46. It is generally agreed among historians, both Muslim and orientalist, that at the time of her marriage with the Messenger of Allah – may the peace and blessings of Almighty Allah be upon him – his first wife, Khadija, was forty years old. It is said that Khadija (radi Allahu anha) was aged 40 and the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) 25. More rec… if you google for "The Sons of Khadija" by M. J. Kister (1993), you will find interesting evidence that she was actually only about 28.That makes sense when you consider that she bore Mohammed six children. She was born fifteen years before the Incident of the Elephant and I was born thirteen years before it. Masha Allah, very well written and defended. He expressed his amazement at that, saying to Abbas: "This is quite strange, O Abbas!" While al-Hakim (d. 405/1015) gives a narration of Ibn Ishaq (d. 151/768)  in favour of this opinion, it is neither found in Ibn Ishaq’s work on Sirah nor in Ibn Hisham’s better known rendition of the same. "He is Muhammad ibn Abdullah, my nephew. Thereafter Mariya bt. Khadija was buried in al-Hajun. ‘Abdullah al-Zubairi (d. 236/851) suggesting that he too preferred the Twenty-Eight opinion. [12] Khadijah was said to have neither believed in nor worshipped idols (Taghut), which was atypical for pre-Islamic Arabian culture. No sooner was she apprised of his willingness to marry her, Khadijah sent a message to his uncle and fixed a time when they should meet. Firstly, there are reports that clearly mention the age of Khadija at the time of her marriage with the Prophet, and secondly, there are narrations that mention her age at the time of her death in the tenth year after the proclamation of the message. Al-Jahiz (d. 255/869) makes a similar observation: أنه يقال إن النساء لا يلدن إذا بلغن الستين إلا ما يحكى عن نساء قريشٍ خاصة, It is said that women do not bear children when they reach sixty, except for what is told of the women of Quraysh in particular.[51]. At that time Khadija was forty years old. Even after Khadija’s death, the Prophet (may the blessings and peace of God be upon him) remembered her often, as she was the mother of his children and his rock from the get-go. Muhammad ibn Sa‘d states: قال: أخبرنا محمد بن عمر بن واقد الأسلمي. ‘Urwah reported: Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said, “I never felt so jealous about any woman as I did for Khadijah. One such controversy is surrounding the age of Khadija, the first wife of the Prophet, at the time of her marriage to him. Muhammad was monogamously married to her for 25 years. Khadijah was supportive of Muhammad's prophetic mission, always helping in his work, proclaiming his message and belittling any opposition to his prophecies. 25-Year-Old Muhammad Marries 40-Year-Old Khadijah (Part 2) The marriage of Khadijah bint Khuwaylid to Muhammad ibn Abdullah (PBUH) was something unique to Qurayshi society. Even in terms of acceptance with the scholars, both early and late, the Forty-Year opinion tarries better than the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion. Play this game to review Religious Studies. Shi'a scholars believed Khadijah did not marry anyone before Muhammad. After Hala’s husband’s death, Khadijah took care of Hala and (after Hala’s death) Hala’s children. Khadijah is often referred to by Muslims as "Mother of the Believers". [43] She was buried in Jannat al-Mu'alla cemetery, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. At the least, I failed to find any well-known author of the Prophet’s biography referring to it except those from very recent times. Living in this country, I have personally seen women having 10-12 children and a good majority of them were born after the woman crossed 40. Khadija was two years older to me. [37] Khadijah also invested her wealth in the mission. Among those who have popularized this opinion are Dr. Hamidullah and Dr. Akram Diya al-‘Umri. This has been done by scholars from both the orientalist camp and (mostly) non-traditionalists in the Muslim camp. Among the orientalists, Montgomery Watt (d. 2006) says: The age of Khadijah has perhaps been exaggerated. Al-Waqidi, besides giving the numerous reports for the Forty-Year opinion, states: ونحن نقول ومن عندنا من أهل العلم إن خديجة ولدت قبل الفيل بخمس عشرة سنة. Thanks . With the onset of modernity, the biographic details of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) have come under a lot of scrutiny along with, in some cases, attempts at revisionism. ‘Abdullah al-Zubairi related to us: First child of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was al-Qasim, next was Zainab, then ‘Abdullah, then ‘Umm Kulthum, then Ruqayya. she accepted Islam. Muhammad's wives, or the wives of Muhammad, were the women married to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.Muslims often use the term "Mothers of the Believers" prominently before or after referring to them as a sign of respect, a term derived from the Quran.Muhammad was monogamous for 25 years when married to his first wife, Khadija bint Khuwaylid.After her death in 619 CE, he over time married … ‘Aisha too is said to have mentioned that it was rare for women in fifties to be able to conceive except for the women of Quraish.[53]. When he bowed down, the young boy and the woman bowed, and when he stood up straight, they, too, did likewise. Mohammad (pbuh) was a widower for about a couple of years after Khadija( RA)’s death; then he thought of marrying again. Grand son(s): Hasan ibn Ali, Husayn ibn Ali, Ali ibn Zainab. وإنها كانت يوم تزوجها رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – بنت أربعين سنة. [45] Hamidullah, Dr., Le Prophete de l’Islam: Sa Vie et Son Ouvre/ The Life and Work of the Prophet of Islam, Translated by Dr. Mahmood Ahmad Ghazi, New Delhi: Adam Publishers, 2007, 49. I heard him mentioning her so often, and his Lord ordered him to give her glad tidings of her palace in Paradise made of reeds. It is narrated from multiple sources that he died at the age of 120 in the year 54 A.H.[12] This means he was thirteen years older than the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) which in turn proves that Khadija was fifteen years older than the Prophet (ﷺ) and, therefore, confirms the Forty-Year opinion. She was born fifteen years before the Event of the Elephant.[5]. She had died three years before I married the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him. فقال: كانت خديجة أسن منه بخمس عشرة, Muhammad bin ‘Umar [al-Waqidi] reported that Mughira bin Abdul Rahman al-Asadi narrated from his family, who said: We asked Hakim bin Hizam who was older, the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) or Khadija? Al-Baihaqi (d. 458/1066)) mentions: قال أبو عبد الله: قرأت بخط أبي بكر بن أبي خيثمة قال: حدثنا مصعب بن عبد الله الزبيري قال: أكبر ولد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم القاسم , ثم زينب، ثم عبد الله، ثم أم كلثوم، ثم فاطمة، ثم رقية قال مصعب: هم هكذا: الأول فالأول، ثم مات القاسم وهو أول ميت من ولده، مات بمكة، ثم مات عبد الله، ثم بلغت خديجة خمسا وستين سنة، ويقال خمسين سنة وهو أصح،, Abu ‘Abdullah [al-Hakim] said: I read in the writing of Abu Bakr b. Abi Khaithama that he said: Mus‘ab b. In the past century, however, we have seen people using rationalist arguments based on biological contentions to undermine the Forty-Year opinion and highlight the other opinions. Furthermore, scholars have stated that al-Waqidi, despite the criticism he has received, is far better than the two al-Kalbis. This answers Hakim Niaz Ahmad who could not make sense of the Prophet (ﷺ) marrying a 40-year-old lady at the age of twenty-five, and instead attributed it to an alleged desire on the part of Muslims to see something ‘unnatural’ in Prophet’s conduct, Kashf al-Ghumma, Vol.2, 3. There are four reports that establish the Forty-Year opinion. KHADIJAH BINT KHUWAYLID RA Umm-al-Mu’minîn (Mother of Believers) Narrated Ali (RA): I heard the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) saying, “Mary, the daughter of Imran, was the best among the women (of the world of her time) and Khadijah is the best amongst the women (of this nation).” Sahih Al-Bukhari – Book 58 Hadith 164 Qur’an Preservation Efforts During the Prophet’s Lifetime. At that time she was a very rich widow. [52] Zaid was ten years younger to the Prophet (ﷺ) (Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqat Al-Kubra, Vol.3, 32) whereas Umm Ayman had nursed him (Al-Bukhari, Al-Sahih, Hadith 3737). His companions called that year the year of grief. Prophet Muhammad (saw) was 50 years old at the time of Hazrat Khadija’s death. With the permission of Abu Talib ibn Muttalib, his uncle, he was sent to Syria with one of Khadijah's servants. They were married for 25 years, and she bore him seven children : 3 sons and 4 daughters. Most of sources stated that Khadija (a) was 40 years old when she married the Prophet (s). Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (Arabic: خَدِيجَة بِنْت خُوَيْلِد‎, Khadījah bint Khuwaylid, born AD 555[1] – 22 November AD 619), commonly known as Khadija, was the first wife and first follower of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. This incident is included in the books of both Ahmad ibn Hanbal and Al-Tirmidhi, each detailing it in his own Ṣaḥīḥ. 70% average accuracy. Qur’an 4:95 and Exemption for the Blind Man, “Slave for Slave, Woman for Woman”: Qur’an 2:178 Explained, Qur’an’s Prophecy about the Jews and the Followers of Christ. By the time she married the Holy Prophet sa, she was 40 years old. Then ‘Abdullah died. Khadija (radi Allahu anha) addressed the Prophet … The third narration comes from Nafisa bint Munya, the very person who brought Khadija’s proposal to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). Say to your azwaj (Arabic: أزواج‎, wives) and your banat (Arabic: بـنـات‎, daughters) and the nisa’il-mu’minin (Arabic: نـسـاءِ الـمـؤمـنـيـن‎, "women of the believers") ...". Khadijah was the daughter of Khuwaylid ibn Asad, a leader of Quraysh tribe in Mecca, and a successful businesswoman in her own right. When the polytheists and aristocrats of the Quraysh harassed the Muslims, she used her money to ransom Muslim slaves and feed the Muslim community. [53] Al-Baji, Abu al-Walid, al-Muntaqa Sharh al-Muwatta, (Cairo: Dar al-Kitab al-Islami, n.d.) Vol.1, 126; see also al-Dakhil, Sa‘id Fadel, Mawsu‘a Fiqh ‘Aisha Umm al-Mu’minin Hiyatuha wa Fiqhuha, (Beirut: Dar al-Nafa’is, 1989) 95-96, [54] Ibn al-Qayyim, Zaad al-Ma’ad, Beirut: al-Risala Publishers, 1994, Vol.1, 101, [55] Al-Faluza, Muhammad Ilyas, al-Mawsu’a fi Sahih al-Sirah al-Nabawiya, Makkah: Matabi’ al-Safa, 1423, 139, Published : March 17, 2016                 Last modified : September 19th, 2020. He said: Khadija was fifteen years older to him.[4]. asked he again. Al-Hakim is apparently the only classical scholar who preferred the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion. Hostile tribes ridiculed and stoned him. [16], Khadijah married three times and had children from all her marriages. [18] He died before his business became a success. On the other hand there are only two reports for the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion – one from Ibn ‘Abbas through the two Kalbis and another from Ibn Ishaq. The Prophet ( pbuh) was fifty when his wife Khadijah ( RA) died. [46] Muhammad migrated to Yathrib (Medina) after Khadijah's death. Does the Qur’an say Torah was given for the Egyptians? More recently, popular speakers like Dr. Yasir Qadhi have suggested that her being twenty-eight at the time of the marriage is in fact the stronger opinion. While one does get the impression that the final part in the above quote relevant to our topic had also comes from Mus‘ab b. "Is it, really?" Abdullah also died in childhood. وذلك الثبت عند العلماء, The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) married Khadija when he was twenty-five years old and she was forty years old. This was three years before the emigration of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) to Madina. Alleged Inconsistency of the Prophet: Marriage with Maimuna in Ihram, 4. ‘Abdullah is extant and has been published. أخبرنا هشام بن محمد بن السائب عن أبيه عن أبي صالح عن ابن عباس قال:كانت خديجة يوم تزوجها رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – ابنة ثمان وعشرين سنة, Hisham bin Muhammad bin al-Sa’ib reports from his father [Muhammad bin al-Sa’ib al-Kalbi] from Abu Salih that Ibn ‘Abbas said: At the time of marriage with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), Khadija was twenty-eight years old. The full quote from the work cited in this browser for the popular Forty-Year opinion tarries better than Twenty-Eight-Year. Report about the age of Khadija lady Khadijah we begin our journey of discovering the personalities of the of! [ 37 ] Khadijah hired Muhammad, who were named Hala and.... Sa ‘ d states: قال: أخبرنا محمد بن عمر بن واقد الأسلمي ( d. 2006 ):! After 40 has some biological limitations to bear children during her 40s or even 50s Prophet. 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