I also contacted … Frost seeding is the cold stratification process to help germination on a hard seed like switchgrass. To make sure the seeding rate is accurate, first determine the percent PLS in the seed lot to be planted. You could frost seed it once this snow melts IF you killed the weeds this past fall. The seeds get caught in the cracks created by the heaving process, and this, is in essence how the seeds are “planted.” When time-lapse photography of this period is viewed, the ground appears to come “alive” because of all the movement from the soil expanding and contracting over and over again. It is the simple process of broadcasting seed of desired plants early in the spring to allow snow and frost the opportunity to work the seed into the soil. On the RWWP website Don has a comparison between his switchgrass blend and CIR. flowing, and easily seeded with most grass drills. Switchgrass seed is hard and slick and can be handled without special drills. It is now possible, in some regions of the country, to seed switchgrass in the spring, harvest 50 percent of the yield potential of the cultivar after killing frost in the seeding year, and reach 75 to 100 percent of full production the next year after seeding. Recommended seeding rate is 4 to 5 pure live seed (PLS) lb/acre. Regardless of the seed’s age, broadcast in late January or February. Switchgrass seed sold by seed companies should be sold by percent PLS in addition to the percent purity, germination and hard (dormant) seed. Post 2008 flood, a plot of 'Cave -in-Rock' switchgrass produces seed while surrounding vegetation has died . I will be unable to do any maintenance in this location. When frost-seeding clover you basically do the same thing as when frost seeding switchgrass with one exception; the later in the winter you can frost-seed clover the better. Big bluestem and indiangrass seed are chaffy and will not flow through conventional drills. Switchgrass seed can also be planted with any conventional or no-till drill that is suitable for clover or alfalfa seed. Feb 15, 2010 #3 . Certain legumes and grasses can be successfully frost seeded. The seed should be no more than ½” deep. Seed can be debearded — a process which removes much of the chaff and hair from seed of big bluestem and indiangrass — allowing them to be seeded using conventional equipment. jbrown. Frost seeding typically works best with legume seeds because it is easier for smaller seeds to drop to the soil surface and make contact than it is for the larger, lighter grass seeds. It is recommended in Ohio to frost seed from Feb 1 through March 15. Area should be fall prepped. If frost-seeding is not possible, switchgrass can also be planted into freshly prepared soil by broadcasting and then either culti-packing or lightly dragging. I've contacted a couple Christmas tree farmers to see about getting it all planted in pines. When frost-seeding it is important that the site be totally free of established grasses.If frost-seeding is not possible, switchgrass can also be planted into freshly prepared soil by broadcasting and then either culti-packing or lightly dragging. 1,701 1 1,421. Seeding date: Switchgrass germinates very slowly when soil temperature is below 60öF. Page 1 of 3 1 2 3 Next > Nov 26, 2017 #1 . Regardless of the tillage method, provide a seedbed that will allow good seed-to-soil contact which is essential for the seed to germinate. The seed should be no more than ½” deep. Switchgrass can be planted a variety of ways. If you could, you could kill the field this spring with glyphosate, then drill in the sg seed but that may not be an option for you. Guys who have experience with frost seeding switchgrass - I'm trying to decide where to source my seed for frost seeding this winter. If frost-seeding is not possible, switchgrass can also be planted into freshly prepared soil by broadcasting and then either culti-packing or lightly dragging. This is due to the small-hard-round switchgrass seed which does require the specialized equipment needed to ease the job of planting those fluffy seeds of other species. Birdsfoot trefoil is another option and is often frost seeded in a mix with red clover. This will help produce vigorous plant growth the next year. That will give you the percent of PLS in the seed lot. frost is needed to allow for carbohydrate storage in the stem bases and crown. Like Darron said, you'll want the existing vegetation to be dead, or pretty much dead. I was wondering if it would be worth while to frost seed some switchgrass into a fencerow. If moist seed is maintained at 85öF for 3 days, many of the seedlings will germinate and grow to a height of approximately 1 inch with a 1-inch deep root. millbs. See Dbltree thread. Five inoculated forage legumes and a legume mixture were frost‐seeded into an excellent stand of established ‘Cave‐in‐Rock’ switchgrass in mid‐March of 1991 and 1992. Here is a picture of a field I frost seed CIR switch grass this march. Switchgrass may be grazed to a height of six to eight inches after frost. It can grow from 4’-6’ tall and is adapted to a wide range of soils and climate conditions, and needs relatively little fertilizer, lime, or water. It seems that bunch-type grasses and thin sods offer less competition to legume seedlings than vigorous stands of sod-forming bromegrass and bluegrass. It can also be planted through most seed drills. To ensure the maximum results from your frost seeding, you should broadcast the Switchgrass before February 28th. Frost seeding switch right before a snow is good,frost seeding alfalfa will probably work.I like to plant mine in late sept early oct in Kansas.In Wisc. Legumes incorporated into established switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) could provide symbiotic N, improve herbage quality, and extend the grazing season.Almost no information exists for legume renovation of switchgrass by frost‐seeding. I frost seed every year in my spent brassica and cereal grain plots. Seeding this warm season grass can vary from region to region and even site to site but there is one fail safe way to get results on your pure stand of Switchgrass, that’s a frost seeding. Switchgrass is a warm season grass and will not germinate until soil temps reach 50 degrees. It can be seeded singly or in mixtures for warm season forage production or as a wildlife habitat planting. Frost-seeding is better done on a little snow cover as it is easier to see the spread pattern on top of the snow—usually mid- to late March is good for much of Michigan. Because seed dormancy is common in switchgrass, seeding rates are standardized using a convention referred to as pure live seed (PLS). Kind of splot the difference. It looks like his blend is about 7-8' and much taller than standard CIR. Switchgrass Planting Instructions. Multiply the total germination rate by the seed purity (both of which are found on the seed tag), then divide by 100. Thin sods and bare surface areas are desirable for both freeze-thaw and rain splash coverage. Yes, frost seeding switchgrass is the preferred method. Frost seeding requires the soil to be thawing, freezing and heaving. Topic: Best Time to Plant Switchgrass: Hi Bill, I am looking to increase my bedding cover on my property by planting a 5-6 acre patch of warm season grass specifically switchgrass. I have a four day weekend the weekend before presidents day so I will frost seed sometime that weekend. Ground Preparation – Your planting site should be free of any growing or established plants. Switchgrass seed can also be ran through any conventional or no-till drill that is suitable for clover or alfalfa seed. The seed should be no more than ½” deep. It provides excellent nesting and winter cover for pheasants and other birds. In SE Ohio one can frost seed a little earlier than let's say Northern Ohio. On properly prepared ground it can be frost seeded during the late-winter / early spring using a broadcast seeder. Oct 30, 2018 - Frost seeding switchgrass could be one if th easiest and foolproof ways to establish an outstanding swithchgass planting! Even with snow on the ground you should broadcast right on top, the Switchgrass will … Would like to establish some additional screening. Frost Seeding Switchgrass: Discussion in 'Whitetail Deer Habitat' started by millbs, Nov 26, 2017. Messages: 642 Likes Received: 648 Location: Lakeview. Frost seeding legumes and grasses is common means to improve forage yield or change the species composition of a pasture. Burn or mow, spray, etc. Let the pasture grow up to 8-10 inches tall and graze it down tight. Seed that is less than one-year-old and has not been stratified: When drilling, plant between mid-November and April 15 to allow some stratification to occur. No soil prep is required, although I find it grows better if you do. Grass‐legume DM yield was compared with N fertilization (0, 60, 120, and 240 kg ha −1 ) in the seeding … This non-bloating legume can be slow to establish and is often sparse until the second year. Frost Seeded Switchgrass Discussion in 'Whitetail Deer Habitat' started by wolfgang510, Jul 31, 2017. It could save you a lot of time, money and disappointment. The best stands I have are worked up ground, frost seeded, and then cultipacked when not frozen. Do you recommend frost seeding only for this product or could I see similar success by planting in the spring on a freshly worked seed bed? Frost seedings are also often successful in bare and disturbed pasture areas. Forestburg Switchgrass is a perennial native grass that grows 3-5 feet tall. Dormant Seeding & Frost Seeding Dormant seeding is a temporary or permanent seeding application at a time when soil temperatures are too low for germination to occur (less than 50oF). In my experience, you have to kill the existing grass cover first before planting/frost seeding switchgrass. In my opinion, Feb 1 seems a little too early. wolfgang510. Darron B, Feb 13, 2010. The planting time is similar to that for millet or sorghum-sudan. It is still good to get some freezing temperatures on the clover seed that has been spread but ideally clover should be seeded during the last couple of weeks of freezing temperatures. Frost seeding is a temporary or permanent seeding application in late winter when soils are in the freeze-thaw stage. I have roughly 6-7 acres that I want to develop some kind of cover on. For frost seeding you would have wanted to kill the grasses last fall. When determining the pounds of bulk I know to properly establish switchgrasss it helps to be able to spray and mow. Darron B, Feb 13, 2010. Messages: 901 Likes Received: 115 Location: Southern Michigan. switchgrass seed during the winter and early spring months can help break seed dormancy and improve stand establishment. alfalfa will probably go dormant earlier than here and not be there much for hunting season unless you find some colder varieties.There may be better options.Lots of guys from up that way on deerhunterforum.com and allthingshabitat.com Let it grow up to this level again and graze it tight again. It is a sod-forming grass that once dominated the tall grass prairies of the United States. Switchgrass seed lots can vary widely in germination rates and number of seeds per pound. Switchgrass is a perennial warm season grass native to the majority of the eastern U.S. Frost seeding is not always successful. 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