If your child is born with Down syndrome, you want to be able to make informed choices about treatments that can help your little one thrive. Medical treatment. You may not know what to expect, and you may worry about your ability to care for a child with a disability. The care team may include: People with Down syndrome often have associated medical conditions that are either present at birth or develop over time. Most states offer programs that provide a range of services for children up to 3 years old. Nutritional Treatments. The chance that a baby will be born with Down syndrome increases with a mother’s age: Beneficial therapies for Down syndrome include physical, occupational, behavioral, and speech therapy. OT provides early intervention services to the infant and toddlers having down syndrome. A child with Down syndrome also may have heart defects and problems with vision and hearing. Typically, a child with Down syndrome gets checked for sleep apnea by age 4. The spinal cord contains the body’s nerves or neurons. But the risk is still at 2%. With support and treatment, many people with Down syndrome live happy, productive lives. You’ll likely rely on a team of providers, including your child’s main doctor, and maybe specialists like ear doctors, heart doctors, and others. While public schools work great for many children, there other types of schools that focus more on the needs of kids with Down syndrome. However, this belief that all people with Down’s Syndrome ought to be given thyroid treatments persisted until 1969, when the variations were finally fully recognized. Sometimes hearing problems are caused by fluid build-up in the ears. CORONAVIRUS: DELAYS FOR ROUTINE SURGERIES, VISITOR RESTRICTIONS + COVID-19 TESTING. Occupational therapists to help refine their motor skills and make daily tasks easier. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Policy, Get useful, helpful and relevant health + wellness information. Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter. Early treatment programs can help improve skills. These programs can boost your child’s physical and mental growth. Leukemia. In the United Kingdom, cholinesterase inhibitors, a class of drugs approved in the United States and many other countries to treat Alzheimer's, are approved to treat dementia in people with Down syndrome. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts. Because of that, your child will likely have regular visits with an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) doctor to catch any issues early on. Babies with congenital heart conditions are treated by pediatric cardiologists, doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating heart problems. However, children with Down syndrome would benefit from early medical assistance and developmental interventions beginning during infancy. Behavioral therapists to help manage emotional challenges that can come with Down syndrome. We are providing the following therapies for children with down syndrome:-. There’s no specific treatment for Down syndrome. In the most common type of Down syndrome, trisomy 21, the condition occurs randomly and isn’t inherited. About half the babies born with Down syndrome have a problem with either the shape of their heart or how it works. Thyroid. They may include speech, physical, occupational, and/or educational therapy. Cleveland Clinic Children's is dedicated to the medical, surgical and rehabilitative care of infants, children and adolescents. About 6,000 babies with Down syndrome are born in the United States each year. There is no treatment to reverse the genetic abnormality that causes Down syndrome. And they may have medical issues that need regular care. If so, they may need to wear a mask while sleeping. Gastrointestinal problems, like constipation, gastroesophageal reflux (when fluid from the stomach re-enters the esophagus) and. Ask your health care provider about early intervention programs in your area. Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 05/30/2020. All rights reserved. Physical therapists to help strengthen their muscles and improve motor skills. In that case, ear tubes -- which many children get if they have constant ear infections--can help. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Erica Peirson, ND Down syndrome (DS) is one of the most common congenital anomalies worldwide, affecting approximately 14 in 10 000 live births.1 The syndrome occurs as a result of extra genetic material, full or partial, from chromosome 21. Your child may also work with physical, occupational, and speech therapists. Problems seeing. Many children with Down syndrome have hearing loss in one or both ears. It may include things like working with a reading specialist or speech therapist. Physical therapy treatment focuses on gross motor development. In this case, your doctor may suggest surgery to remove them. This is treated with surgery that removes part of the intestine. Some babies with Down syndrome get Hirschsprung’s disease, where part of the intestine gets blocked. Sometimes, larger-than-normal tonsils and adenoids cause sleep apnea. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. Down syndrome is one of the most common genetic birth defects. As part of this effort, you’ll work with the school to develop an individualized education program (IEP). This is a condition where a person’s breathing stops and restarts many times as they sleep. It’s important to keep up with ear and eye exams, because problems seeing and hearing can lead to delays in learning and talking. Vertebrae are irregularly shaped b… Primary care providers to monitor growth, development, medical concerns and provide vaccinations. Physical therapists to help strengthen their muscles and improve motor skills. Down syndrome is a lifelong condition and right now there isn’t a cure. Your child may need help in different ways, from crawling and walking to talking and learning how to be social. They typically have therapists and teachers who are specially trained to help kids learn a variety of skills, such as how to: Many kids with Down syndrome go to their neighborhood schools along with all the other kids. Most of these services focus on helping children with Down syndrome develop to their full potential. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately one in every 700 babies in the United States is born with Down syndrome, making Down syndrome the most common chromosomal condition. Occupational therapy involves activities in the approaches like neurodevelopmental therapy, sensory integration, and behavior therapy. There is no medical cure for Down syndrome, however, children with Down syndrome benefit from early access to medical care and developmental interventions beginning in infancy. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Down syndrome is caused by a person having three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two copies. This helps make sure your child gets support that suits their needs. This additional genetic material can lead to symptoms that include anatomic, immunologic, endocrine, metabolic, and neurological disorders […] Around 50% of women with Down syndrome are able to bear children, but the risk of the child having the condition is between 35%-50%. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Almost half of children with Down syndrome are born with congenital heart defects. Therapy can help them to develop tone and strength of the muscles, and also teaches how to move their bodies in a proper way, which helps them in their day-to-day functioning. Your providers may help you develop a care team for your family member with Down syndrome. Common conditions of Down syndrome can include: No. Down Syndrome Treatment Options. This is why Down syndrome is also referred to by the name Trisomy 21. The best antidote for fear and worry is information and support.Consider these steps to prepare yourself and to care for your child: 1. These extra genes and DNA cause changes in development of the embryo and fetus leading to both physical and mental abnormalities. Your child also has the right to get services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which starts at age 3. Every person with Down syndrome has an extra amount of this chromosome in some or all of their cells. However, many of the associated medical and developmental conditions can be treated to: 1. enhance the person's quality of life 2. improve the child's development, and 3. increase his or her life expectancy. Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused when abnormal cell division results in an extra full or partial copy of chromosome 21. Questions about the relationship between Down’s Syndrome and thyroid problems persist in research even today. These can often be managed by medications or other care. Children with Down syndrome may benefit from speech therapy, physical therapy, and occupational therapy. It's the most common genetic chromosomal disorder and cause of learning disa… The top of the spinal cord is a thick tube-like structure that starts at the base of the brain and runs all the way down the back to the lumbar region. How severe or mild these problems are varies from child to child. Your child’s doctors, therapists, and teachers can help figure out which is best for them. Nerves are a special type of cell that carries messages between the brain and the rest of the body. Efforts such as early childhood intervention, screening for common problems, medical treatment where indicated, a good family environment, and work-related training can improve the development of children with Down syndrome. People with Down syndrome may also be born with various health concerns such as heart defects or digestive abnormalities, as … Services early in life will often help babies and children with Down syndrome to improve their physical and intellectual abilities. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. Some health problems are more common in kids with Down syndrome. Heart problems. Down syndrome is a lifelong condition. Many children don’t have them, but if yours does, you can get treatment for: Hearing loss. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Many health care professionals may be involved in assessing and planning the course of treatment for a child with Down syndrome. The purpose is for you and your child with Down syndrome to learn to cope with the condition, as well as treat what physical and cognitive (thinking) challenges arise. This extra genetic material causes the developmental changes and physical features of Down syndrome.Down syndrome varies in severity among individuals, causing lifelong intellectual disability and developmental delays. About Down Syndrome. Because Down syndrome affects everyone who has it in different ways, there’s no one-size-fits-all approach to treatment. The degree of intellectual disability varies from mild to moderate. Research on the benefits of nutritional treatments for people with Down … Issues with eyesight are also common. Down Syndrome - What Are thelp them breathe Treatments for Down Syndrome? Medical specialists depending on the needs of the person (for example, cardiologist, endocrinologist, geneticist, hearing and eye specialists). They may receive special education and assistance in school. NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. The goal of treatment, therefore, is not to address the disorder itself, but rather the variety of health issues, medical conditions, and physical, developmental, and intellectual challenges that people with Down syndrome may experience throughout their lives. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? It is named for John Langdon Down, the British physician who first recognized the traits of Down syndrome in 1866. There’s no cure for Down syndrome, but there’s a wide variety of support and educational programs that can help both people with the condition and their families. Policy, Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Instead of a pair of chromosomes, as is found in all the other chromosomes, number … Treatment is based on the severity of the child's heart condition. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved any drugs specifically to treat dementia associated with Down syndrome. Your child will have regular check-ups with an eye doctor and may need glasses, surgery, or other treatment. The new findings help identify neurological impairments caused by Down syndrome, and show that drug treatments can help alleviate the effects … It affects about 1 in 800 babies. There is no medical cure for Down syndrome. In other cases, your child may need to take medicine. This can be great not only for your child, but for the other children as well. It typically starts in early childhood. Your child may also have other less common issues that need treatment, such as: KidsHealth: “Down Syndrome” and “What’s an IEP?”, Mayo Clinic: “Down Syndrome” and “Obstructive Sleep Apnea.”, Center for Parent Information and Resources: “Overview of Early Intervention.”, Down Syndrome Education International: "Health and Medical Issues.". For Down Syndrome, there are therapies, treatments, and educational support available to improve the quality of life of those affected. These services include speech, occupational, and physical therapy, and they are typically offered through early intervention programs in each state. The condition is also known as ‘Up syndrome’ because of the cheerful persona of the Down … Most kids with Down syndrom… BALANCE BOARD THERAPY. Those therapies and treatments are speech-language therapy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, assistive technology and special education. Obstructive sleep apnea. Down syndrome (trisomy 21) isn't a disease or condition that can be managed or cured with medication or surgery. Down syndrome is a genetic disorder and a common chromosome abnormality in humans, in which an embryo contains extra genetic material from chromosome 21. But doctors do know that the earlier children get care, the more likely they are to live up to their full potential. GLOBAL recommends parents or caregivers of children with Down syndrome follow the 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics Health Supervision for Children With Down Syndrome. Leukemia is curable. While Down syndrome can’t be cured, treatment and teaching life skills can go a long way to improve the child’s — and eventually the adult’s — quality of life. But there is a wide range of physical and developmental therapies designed to help people with Down syndrome reach their full potential. When you learn your child has Down syndrome, you may experience a range of emotions, including anger, fear, worry and sorrow. Clinical trials to test treatments for dementia in adults with Down syndrome Learn about Alzheimer's Disease Research Opportunities Join DS-Connect® , a voluntary, confidential, online registry from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (part of the National Institutes of Health, or NIH). But many health problems associated with the condition are treatable. 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 |. The mask is attached to a machine that help them breathe normally. Down Syndrome is a congenital disorder among children commonly born to older mothers. The Global Down Syndrome Foundation (GLOBAL) is dedicated to significantly improving the lives of people with Down syndrome through Medical Care, Research, Education and Advocacy. Since most children with Down syndrome have low muscle tone, the goal of physical therapy is to teach children with Down syndrome to move their bodies in appropriate ways, and to improve their muscle tone. BRAIN GYM THERAPY. Behavioral therapists to help manage emotional challenges that can come with Down syndrome. Congenital heart defects: Know the main risk factors. Heart problems, frequently present at birth. A nerve is like an electric cable that passes electric current and carries signals between parts of the body. Down syndrome is a chromosome disorder associated with intellectual disability, a characteristic facial appearance, with small nose and an upward slant to the eyes, and low muscle tone in infancy. During an overnight sleep test, doctors check to see if your child’s breathing stops and restarts. Children with Down syndrome are at a 10- to 20-fold increase for developing this blood cancer. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. Activities use by the OT is more of a play kind and functional. Some conditions are more serious than others and require surgery. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Occupational therapists to help refine their motor skills and make daily tasks easier. Down syndrome occurs because of changes in the way cells in chromosome 21 divide. IDEA requires public schools to offer the best education they can, no matter what challenges a person faces. Adults with Down syndrome may live about 60 years, but this can vary. Treatment for Down syndrome varies. Thyroid disorders are more prevalent in children with Down syndrome. Low fertility rate in males with the syndrome. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Options can range from physical therapy and early intervention to assistive devices, medications, and even surgeries. They may also need extra attention in school. Speech therapists to help them communicate. Down syndrome is the most common genetic cause of intellectual disability, affecting approximately 1 in every 700 children. Other medical problems. Syndrome ’ because of the body in school doctors, therapists, and they are to up... 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