Leaf margins are classified by the type of edging that may be lobed, smooth, or toothed. Each encloses a seed and The leafstalks are long and slender, and the blades palmately veined, meaning each has several main veins, all extending from the They have flat, scale-like leaves, with small cones. Instead, as the scientific and common names note, the foliage more closely resembles that of the hornbeam tree (Carpinus spp.). deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained wood. Damp, open woods and streamsides, from southwestern British Columbia to northern California. We are studying elms to try to develop trees that are resistant to Dutch Elm Disease and yet are genetically diverse (Elm Recovery Project). This tree does well with urban conditions like salt and pollution. Beetle, have caused significant damage to maples. The Canadian flag displays a stylized maple leaf, and maple is Canada’s official arboreal emblem. Balsam Fir. There are approximately 150 species of maple around the world, most in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere, and the majority native to eastern Asia. is dispersed by wind. Vine maple leaves have seven to nine lobes and turn bright red or yellow in the fall. long. Another desirable trait is the ability of many maples to tolerate drought. Male This medium-sized maple is a common landscape tree in North America, a classic shade tree with a rounded or oval-shaped crown. The spout which is inserted into the tree when tapping maple trees for sap is called a spile. In the right settings, this species may become invasive, so before planting it check to make sure it is not a problem in your region. Acer / ˈ eɪ s ər / is a genus of trees and shrubs commonly known as maples.The genus is placed in the family Sapindaceae. (Also naturalized in southern British Columbia and elsewhere in Canada, as well as Europe.). The paperbark maple is often chosen for a landscape because of its cinnamon or reddish-brown colored bark that peels away from the trunk, even when the tree is young. In fall, this tree turns attractive shades of yellow, orange, or red. Also known as field maple or common maple, the hedge maple is a small- to medium-sized tree that can serve as a shade tree in small landscapes or can be pruned to serve as a hedge plant in larger landscapes.Medium-green foliage gives way to yellow colors in fall. Common hoptree. Maples yield wood used by Indigenous peoples for many purposes, from basketry to fish traps, snowshoes, bows, spear handles, paddles, and spindle whorls. Nearly all maple trees are deciduous and are generally a fairly hardy long lived tree. Sugar Maple is a tree that impresses with its amazing fall color. They turn yellowish or brown in the fall; flowers are densely clustered; maple keys are very large, with wings up to 5 cm Maples grow In spring, the maple leaf-buds start to expand, often at the same time as the tree’s blooming flowers. A variety of habitats from swamps to dry woods, widely ranging over eastern North America. Small tree or multi-stemmed shrub; leaves have seven to nine lobes, and turn bright red or golden in the fall; white flowers grow in small clusters; maple key wings are wide apart. Innu, and Algonquin as well as various American groups. Although there are about 150 known species of maples, only seven. The information contained here has been taken from “Trees in Canada” (Canadian Forest Service/NRCAN) and “Native Trees of Canada” by Tom Farrar. Fall colors vary considerably depending on cultivar; yellows, red-purples, and bronze hues are all available. Anishinaabe, Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet), Mi’kmaq, It also is sometimes called by the common name Siberian maple. A Japanese maple can be a focal point in many different types of garden designs. The foliage turns dramatic shades of orange or red in fall. and female flowers are separate, within the same cluster, in separate clusters, or on separate trees, again depending on the species. In some areas, this tree is known as the planetree maple. Note that the Norway Maple leaf has more points than the Sugar Maple leaf. wings are angled at about 45°. As with many widespread species, this tree carries several regional common names, such as soft maple, creek maple, river maple, white maple, and water maple. Acer glabrum (Douglas or Rocky Mountain maple). Common in hardwood forests in deep, well-drained soils, from Ontario to Maritimes and south in the US to Georgia and Kansas. There are approximately 128 species, most of which are native to Asia, with a number also appearing in Europe, northern Africa, and North America.Only one species, Acer laurinum, extends to the Southern Hemisphere. Maples are generally deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained wood. Fern leaf maple Acer japonicum 'Aconitifolium' 5m tall: zone 5: Broad, deeply cut green leaves turn a brilliant scarlet in the fall. Also, click on "major plant groups" at the bottom of the page to browse descriptions of species of interest. The Sugar Maple is a very popular choice for Southwestern Ontario because it is tolerant to a variety of soils. The leaves are either green or red and come in a wide variety of shapes and textures—there are thousands of cultivars. Learn more about native trees for the London area. J.L. All trees in Canada can be distinguished as being a conifer or deciduous tree. Of the 125 Acer species found worldwide, over two-thirds grow in China; 10 are native to Canada, and others are grown as ornamentals, with some (such as Norway maple, A. platanoides), becoming naturalized in parts of Canada. Golden Japanese maple Particularly frightening is the prospect of a possible invasion by the Asian long-horned beetle. Deciduous trees are often called broadleaf trees because most shed their leaves in autumn. S. Katz (1991). Canada is the leading producer of maple syrup and other maple food products in the world, with 90 per cent of Canadian maple syrup production coming from Quebec (as of early 2018). Maples are famous for their brilliant fall colours. Shade tolerant, growing in cool, moist areas from Nova Scotia and Quebec’s Gaspe Peninsula west to Saskatchewan, and south in the US as far as Georgia. Blue beech. The dark-green leaves are quite large, with five lobes, but there is no fall color to speak of—the foliage remains green or may turn a yellowish-brown. For many types of leaves, their overall shape and pattern are greatly defined by their margins. The three-lobed leaves are medium green on the top surfaces, with bottom surfaces that are gray-green. Conifers are also known as softwoods. produce wood with contorted grain patterns – known as “bird’s eye maple” – that is in demand by woodworkers. Fungi and algae are excluded. Turner, N., Maple Trees in Canada (2019). The Arboretum conducts its own research as well as provides a site for others to do research projects. Its leaves generally have three lobes when the tree is young but the leaves on mature trees are not lobed. Fall foliage is variable, ranging from an ordinary green to shades of yellow and red. The red maple lives up to its name at many points throughout the year. control and surface water management. Large branching, straight-trunked tree; leaves have five pointed lobes, and turn brilliant red in the fall; flowers are tiny, bell-shaped, and long-stalked; clustered maple keys have U-shaped wings that grow slightly apart. Red Maple Tree Varieties. Red maple tree (Acer rubrum) varieties have distinctive palmate-shaped, green foliage that turns brilliant shades of red in fall. With all of the variations, it’s hard to pinpoint a few obvious features that make a tree a maple. Regionally, this species may be known as the rock maple or hard maple. The paperbark maple is an excellent specimen tree for small landscapes, especially when planted near a deck or patio where it can be appreciated. Eastern hemlock. Types of Acer Maple Trees. The hedge maple is a great choice for the urban garden, as it does well in many difficult environments: drought; acidic, alkaline, or salty soils; shady locations; and climates where there is ozone deficiency. The leaf of the maple tree is a key part of Canada’s flag. Dwarf varieties are often used as ornamental shrubs, while larger cultivars are planted as small specimen trees. Some trees grow burls and The silver maple is one of the trees you are most likely to see throughout the U.S., since it naturalizes very easily and grows very quickly. The \"Embers\" and \"Flame\" varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. are commonly found in Ontario: sugar, black, red silver, mountain, striped, and two imports, Manitoba and Norway. Along waterways and rich, moist bottom lands in southeastern Great Lakes and St. Lawrence forest region and through most of eastern US. It is not a popular landscape tree because it lacks fall color, but the sycamore maple can make a good shade tree and has good tolerance for salty conditions. This is collected in sap pails hung on the trees. Upright, multi-branched habit. Here are 13 excellent maple tree species for your landscape. We would like to provide you with information on these ten native maples that grow from Newfoundland & Labrador westwards to the Pacific coast. Greenish-white flowers in spring give way to red samaras, and the fall foliage is yellow or red. This maple is the first choice for those seeking to make maple syrup, as the sap contains a larger percentage of plant sugars than with any other maple species. They are a major constituent of many temperate forests. Maples are well known to Indigenous peoples in Canada, and are named in many Indigenous languages. Medium-sized, dense-crowned tree; leaves have three lobes and are long-stalked, the blades are hairy beneath, and turn orange or yellow-brown in the fall; yellowish-green flowers grow in hanging clusters; maple key wings are only slightly angled. Even in zone 5, a severe cold spell in winter can cause severe dieback, and in the southern part of the range, it benefits from some shade to prevent leaf scorch. O'Hagan Trees sells a variety of trees including Maples, Oaks, Birches, Fruit Trees and More! The Sugar Maple leaf is on the bottom. This means that we have trees, shrubs and vines here that have been grown from seed collected in wild sites in Ontario. Located five minutes outside of Peterborough, Ontario. It has been used by virtually all Indigenous peoples within the tree’s range, being rendered into syrup and sugar by Haudenosaunee, On the west coast, however, the bigleaf maple, equally vibrant, turns bright golden yellow. Eagleson and R. Hasner, The Maple Syrup Book (2006). Maple wilt seems to be most common in Norway maples but is also found in silver, sugar, red, sycamore and Japanese maples. Streambanks, gravelly slopes and open woods from British Columbia (except northeastern BC) to Alberta foothills and south to the US, mainly from Oregon to Utah. Here is a comparison of a Norway Maple leaf with that of Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum). Small tree or multi-stemmed shrub; leaves have three to five lobes, and turn yellow to red in the fall; yellowish green flowers grow in small clusters; maple key wings are paired in a V-shape. Big leaf maple is a massive, thick-bodied tree with furrowed gray or reddish-brown bark. The leaves grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes. Our team will be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions. Boxelder or Acer negundo - The most common maple sp. Shade tolerant, growing in moist floodplains and bottomlands, in southeastern hardwood forests from Ottawa to Montreal, and south in US to Tennessee. This large tree is an excellent shade tree for large landscapes and parks. Maple trees include a sizable number of species in the genus Acer within the plant family Aceraceae. Cucumber tree. The sugar maple is a large tree with a densely rounded crown. Many plant species within a genus have a similar appearance, but there can be surprises, as is the case with hornbeam maple. As far as can be determined, the tree is both one of … Always check the behavior of the maple species you are considering before planting it. They can live to be extremely old, with some trees in Ontario being dated at over 1000 years old. In shape and size, this small tree looks similar to the Japanese maple and may be used in a similar way as a specimen tree. This is a small rounded tree with narrow upright branches. Other common names for this tree include broadleaf maple and Oregon maple. The leaves are medium-green in color with three or five lobes; the foliage turns yellow-orange in fall. Conifers are often called evergreens or needle-leaved trees (although there always exceptions). Small tree or large shrub with short, crooked trunk, often multi-stemmed; leaves are yellowish green above and whitish below, with three lobes, and turn yellow or brown in the fall; light yellow flowers grow in dense, upright spikes; maple key Rather than the palmate lobes found on the classic maple, this species has lobeless elongated leaves with pointed tips and corrugated texture. This plant is sensitive to both heat and cold. Cherry birch. Golden full moon maple Acer japonicum 'Aureum' 3m tall: zone 6: Rounded yellow leaves add a bright contrast to the garden. Maple trees are deciduous trees, which belong to the Aceraceae family, and have about 128 different species. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. The fruits (known as samaras or maple keys) are produced in winged pairs (rarely in threes). Some trees may have leaves sporting several of these colors at once. Maples are important food sources for wildlife; the flower nectar and pollen is sought by bees, flies and other insects. vine maple, Acer circinatum, and mountain maple, A. spicatum). Once established, it will have some drought resistance. Maple species are also widely grown as ornamental trees on city streets and in yards across Canada, contributing aesthetic beauty, shade, erosion Ailanthus (Ailanthus altissima) Apple, Common (Malus pumila) Ash, Black (Fraxinus nigra) Ash, Blue (Fraxinus quadrangulata) Ash, Pumpkin (Fraxinus profunda) Ash, Red (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) Ash, White (Fraxinus americana) The Asian long-horned beetle has a diverse diet that, ominously, includes maple. Boxelder has the largest range of all North American maples. chipmunks and mice, and the young twigs and leaves are eaten by deer and moose. The hard, fine-grained wood of the larger Canadian maples is widely used for manufacturing furniture, flooring, and interior woodwork, as well as for bowls, toys, musical instruments, plywood and veneer. This edition has been prepared by B. H. McGauley and C. S. Sugar Maple is one of Toronto’s best-loved trees. Maples found in Canada range from trees 40 metres or more tall (e.g., bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum) to shrubs less than 10 metres high (e.g. Before planting a tree in Southwestern Ontario, consider one of our native species. Acer negundo (Manitoba maple or box-elder). Maples are renowned for their autumn colors; many species put on a display of oranges, browns, yellows, and reds every year. in mid-western North America, and the only maple with pinnately compound leaves. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. The Japanese maple is a staple in many Japanese gardens, as well as in the world of bonsai. Tall, spreading tree; dark green leaves are very large with five lobes, and turn golden yellow in the fall; yellowish flowers grow in drooping clusters; maple keys are hairy with wings usually angled at about 45°. Slow growing; prefers a sheltered site. vine maple, Acer circinatum, and mountain maple, A. spicatum). Elm trees belong to the Ulmaceae family, particularly in the genus called Ulmus.This genus consists of 35 different species ranging from ornamental shade trees to forest trees. These trees are commonly native to North Temperate regions and most of them are popularly cultivated for their attractive foliage and incredible height. The vine leaf maple features leaves with three parts, a structure known as trifoliate. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. in a range of habitats and at varying altitudes but prefer deep, moist, fertile soils. It also features beautiful, vibrant colours in most seasons. It is a very aromatic tree with sticky sap. Bur oak. The fall colours are due to the production of pigments called anthocyanins (responsible for the red colours) and/or the presence of carotenoids (orange and yellow) in the leaves after the green chlorophyll breaks down. Deciduous trees are also known as hardwoods. The leafstalks are long and slender, and the blades palmately veined, meaning each has … While most maple leaves are single-bladed, with three to nine pointed lobes, the Manitoba maple (Acer negundo) has compound leaves, with three to nine leaflets arranged along a central stalk. Suitable zones for planting: 5-8 The leaves grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes. Once established, the Amur maple will have some drought resistance. This is another shallow-rooted tree that should be kept away from areas with pipes or paving. In a neglected yard, seedlings may quickly spout up and overtake a landscape. The flowers, pollinated by wind or by insects, are clustered, whitish to light yellow-green, or sometimes red in colour, depending on the species. Maple is one of the most popular trees in Canada. In some areas it can be invasive, so check first with your local extension office before planting. Maples are trees and shrubs in the genus Acer, previously classified within the maple family Aceraceae, but now placed by some taxonomists in Sapindaceae (Soapberry family), which also includes horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastaneum). In. Balsam Fir have flat 2-4 cm long, dark green needles. These Canadian maples will thrive in full-sun to partial-shade sun exposure and love all sorts of soil to grow in. The species and common names for this maple come from the fact that the leaves are similar to those of the sycamore (Platanus). Landscaping enthusiasts have many options for achieving colorful yards in autumn. The interesting bark provides plenty of winter interest. Maple trees are members of the genus Acer, which includes a lot of variety in size, shape, color, and growth habit. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus. Spring foliage is burgundy, turning green in summer, then yellow or yellow-orange in fall. Maples are generally Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Eastern flowering dogwood. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus, growing either as a spreading multi-stem shrub or a small tree with a dense, rounded crown. The angle between the wings of a maple key varies with different species. Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. While it is a good idea to keep most landscape trees properly watered throughout the growing season, a maple will produce its best fall color if watering is withheld in the last weeks of summer and early fall. It’s hard to imagine Canada without a maple tree. Leaves of the tree may change colors during the year. The bark of the eastern white cedar peels in long, narrow vertical strips. The giant Comfort Maple of Ontario is one such specimen that serves as a regular tourist draw. Forest understory, hillsides and stream edges; Saskatchewan east to Newfoundland, south to northeastern US. Maple fruits and seeds are eaten by birds, squirrels, As well, insect pests such as the introduced Asian Long-Horn This can be a somewhat difficult plant to find for sale, but it can make a good small tree or large shrub in the landscape. This is … Medium sized, short-trunked, spreading tree up to 35 m high; leaves light green above, silvery-white below, and deeply lobed. The sycamore maple is one of the more massive maples, featuring a dense rounded crown. The leaves are less like the classic maple, more closely resembling the leaves of ivies or ash trees (another common name for this plant is ivy-leaved maple). maple key wings are angled at about 145°. Maples found in Canada range from trees 40 metres or more tall (e.g., bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum) to shrubs less than 10 metres high (e.g. Maples have also been used medicinally to treat various ailments, from coughs and tuberculosis to dysentery. It is 80 feet tall and 20 feet in circumference at the base. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. The fibrous inner bark Fall leaf color is red, with yellows sometimes also appearing. The leaves typically have more lobes than other maples, and a finer texture. Eastern Woodlands were the first to develop maple sugaring technologies; when Europeans arrived, the First Nations sold large quantities of maple sugar to the fur trading posts. It does, however, tolerate shade better than most large deciduous trees. Moist soils, from southern Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario south to Florida and New Mexico. Ten maple species are native to Canada. Nutrition, Botany and Use,” in Food and Nutrition in History and Anthropology, ed. Acer pensylvanicum (striped maple or moosewood). The green leaves turn yellow or brownish-gold in fall. Ten maple species are native to Canada, perhaps the best known being sugar maple (Acer saccharum) of eastern Canada and the northeastern United States. Name: Acer negundo. It has since become one of the most prevalent trees. Most maples are also moisture-seekers, and their roots may infiltrate water pipes or sewer lines if they are planted above them. Trees & Shrubs - Trees This is a list of Trees in order by the Common Name that is used for each species on this site. In, Turner, Nancy J., "Maple Trees in Canada". It’s sturdy and doesn’t have an aggressive root system. Believed to be over 500 years old, the remarkable Comfort Maple reaches a spectacular 80 ft (24.5 m) in height. Acer ginnala is sometimes classified as a subspecies of Tatarian maple, carrying the label Acer tataricum subsp. Two outbreaks have occurred in Ontario so far – the latest in 2013 in Malton, where 7,500 trees were removed in an effort to contain the insect. While it can make a good large shade tree in the right circumstances, this is not a tree that is very tolerant of urban conditions. The Arboretum is also in charge of the Ontario Tree Atlas Projectwhic… Reds return to the tree with the fall color change. 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